Millions of Cats cover by Wanda Gág

Faculty Publications

Lashon Daley

Children’s Book

Mr. Okra Sells Fresh Fruits and Vegetables, Pelican Publishing, Gretna, LA., 2016.

“Coming of (R)age: a New Genre for Contemporary Narratives about Black Girlhood.” Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society. (Forthcoming in 2021)

“When Diane Tells Me a Story.” Meridians: Feminism, Race, Transnationalism. (Forthcoming
in 2022)

Brown, K., Daley, L. , Hunt, D. “Disruptive Ruptures: The Necessity of Black/Girlhood Imaginary.” Meridians: Feminism, Race, Transnationalism. (Forthcoming in 2023)

Online Articles 

“A Day in the Life: Cherie Hill.” InDance Magazine. (Dec. 2019): 4.

“Coming Home to the Sierra Storytelling Festival.” Storytelling Magazine. 27 (5): 36. 2016.

Interview with Conjure Artist Amara Tabor-Smith.” Baywatch. (Oct. 2015).

“Love, Loss, and What I’ll Wear,” O, The Oprah Magazine. (Dec. 2014): 147.

“Mardi Gras Tree,” Country Roads Magazine. (June 2012): 43.

Duwand Works for Good Humor, Inc.Underwater New York. 2011 (5).


Linda Salem

Clark, Dorothy and Salem Linda, eds. Frontiers in American Children’s Literature. Newcastle upon Tyne, England: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.  Invited book. 2016.

Children’s Literature Studies. Cases and Discussions. Westport, CT: Libraries Unlimited. 2005. Required editorial board review.

“The Edward Gorey Personal Library. Evidencing Insights” in Frontiers in American Children’s Literature. Newcastle upon Tyne, England: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. 2016.

"How diverse is the academic library children’s picture book collection? Using Diverse BookFinder’s content analysis, demographic data, and historical bibliographies to analyze a picture book collection." Collections Management. Forthcoming. (2021, August). 

"Documenting the Portrayal of Diversity in Children's Books." Collections Management. Special Issue on Children's and Young Adult Collections in Academic Libraries, 34(1), 1-12. (2021, Feb). 

“Turning a Page on Access to International Children’s Books.” Reference Reviews 26 no. 8 (2013).

Salem, Linda, Cronin, Brittany, & Bliss, Laurel. “Smarter together: Collaborative tablet communities on campus and reference services innovation.” Technical Services Reports: Rethinking Reference and Instruction with Tablets 48. (November/December 2012): Peer Reviewed.

Salem, Linda & Mestre, Lori.  “New and forthcoming in education reference.” Education Libraries. The Journal of the Education Division of the Special Libraries Association 29 no. 1 (winter 2006) and 28 no. 2 (summer 2005): 16-21.

Review of Floating Worlds: The Letters of Edward Gorey & Peter F. Neuemeyer, edited by Peter Neuemeyer.  Children's Literature Association Quarterly 37.2 (2012): 244-246. Project MUSE. Web. 13 Jul. 2012. Editorial review.

Review of Building the Reading Brain, Pre-K-3, by P.Wolfe and P. Nevills.  Education Libraries. The Journal of the Education Division of the Special Libraries Association. 27.2 (2004).

Review of Thinking Again. Education after Postmodernism, by Blake, N., Smeyers, P, & Smith, R.   Education Libraries. The Journal of the Education Division of the Special Libraries Association. 26.1 (2003)

Online Articles 

When We Were Ghouls. An Interview with Amy E. Wallen.

An Interview with Zohreh Ghahremani.” KPBS.org website. April 18, 2012. 

Crossing Boundaries to Inspire a Global Village: An Interview with Mina Javaherbin.” KPBS.org website.  February 7, 2012. 

A Window Wrapped Around the Sun. An Interview with Susan Vreeland.” KPBS.org. May 3, 2011. 

Experience and Imagination: Interview with le thi dim thuy.” KPBS.org website.  October 14, 2010. 


Blog Posts

Illustration News articles

  • ¡Celebremos!: Pura Belpré Award at 25
  • Anti-racism, Educators, and Children's Literature
  • Kadir Nelson's Undefeated Awarded the Caldecott Medal
  • "Find just five things to improve" and other advice to young writers. In memory of beloved children's author Andrew Clements.
  • Students Review Día de los Muertos Children's Books in ENGL727 Chicanx Children's Literature Taught by Professor Phil Serrato
  • Coretta Scott King Book Award turns 50!
  • From Newspaper Article to Picture Book. Armando and the Blue Tarp School by Edith Hope Fine, Judith Pinkerton Josephson. Hernan Sosa, illus. Lee & Low Books.
  • The Clara Breed Historical Children's Collection at San Diego State University. A bibliography of books in the collection.
  • Pointing to the moon. Catching up with picture book author and SDSU alum Cindy Jenson-Elliott.
  • Classic Children's Books in the Mary Louise Olsen Collection
  • Ukiyo-e, the Floating World, Pictures, and Children. May 29, 2017.
  • The Children’s Book Collections in the SDSU Library. June 10, 2017.
  • Is that book signed? Illustrators’ drawings as inscription. August 2, 2017.
  • Don and Lydia Freeman. Added illustrations in Beady Bear, Pet of the Met, and Chuggy the Blue Caboose. August 3, 2017.
  • Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland and Oliver Wilson’s Survey (1937) November 7, 2017.
  • Classic children’s books in the Mary Louise Olsen Collection. December 1, 2017.
  • Gene Luen Yang recommends writers and artists in comics, animation, and graphic novels. Report on the CLAQ Special Issue. November 21, 2017.
  • The Edward Gorey Personal Library. Explore it today. November 8, 2017.
  • Fairytale Illustrations Relief and Illumination. May 24, 2017.
  • Chris Riddell and letter press texture in The Sleeper and the Spindle (2015).May 18, 2017.
  • Celebrate el Dia! May 3, 2017.
  • Takei Takeo and Miss Clara Breed. December 23, 2016.
  • Making Color from Insects in Illustrated Scientific Materials. December 15, 2016.
  • Books on Color for Artists, Illustrators, Graphic Novelists, Conservationists, Chemists, and Historians. December 15, 2016.

Call to Serve: Clara E. Breed and the Japanese American Incarceration. The Clara Breed Historical Children’s Book Collection. San Diego Public Library, Central Library Gallery. September 18, 2021 – January 30, 2022. Curated by Linda Salem and Susan Hasegawa.

Edward Gorey’s Collection of Lewis Carroll. An Exhibit for the Lewis Carroll Society of North America Spring Meeting, 2019. Scripps Cottage. San Diego State University Library. San Diego, CA.  March 9, 2019.

Edward Gorey. Evidencing Insights Exhibit. San Diego State University, Special Collections and University Archives. Pre-conference Exhibit for the Annual Meeting of the Rare Books and Manuscripts Section of the Association of College and Research Libraries. June 19, 2012. 


Phillip Serrato

Monograph: Gothic Futurability: Precarity and Possibility in Children’s Gothic

Monograph: Taking a Moment: Slow Reading Chicanx Children’s Literature, Then and Now

Refereed Chapters

“‘Lamento lo que va a ocurrir aquí’: The Place(lessness) of Youth in Mexico in Carlos Enrique Taboada’s Más negro que la noche.” Horror Comes Home: Essays on Hauntings, Possessions, and Other Domestic Terrors in Cinema. Cynthia J. Miller and A. Bowdoin Van Riper. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2019. 247-260.

“A Portrait of the Artist as a Muchachito: Juan Felipe Herrera’s Downtown Boy as a Poetic Springboard into Critical Masculinity Studies.” Voices of Resistance: Interdisciplinary Approaches to [email protected] Children's Literature. Laura Alamillo, Larissa M. Mercado-Lopez, and Cristina Herrera. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2018. 61-76.

“‘These are troublesome, confusing times’: Darren Shan’s Cirque du Freak as Post-9/11 Gothic.” New Directions in Children's Gothic: Debatable Lands. Anna Jackson and Karen Coats. New York: Routledge, 2017. 51-66.

“You’ve Come a Long Way, Booger Breath: Juni Cortez Grows Up in the Spy KidsCritical Approaches to the Films of Robert Rodriguez. Ed. Frederick Luis Aldama. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2015. 39-62.

“Postmodern Guacamole: Lifting the Lid on El Tigre: The Adventures of Manny Rivera.” Latinos and Narrative Media: Participation and Portrayal. Frederick Luis Aldama. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013. 71-84.

“Ready or Not: Antonio Márez y Luna Is Thrown into the World of Rudolfo Anaya's Bless Me, Ultima.” Critical Insights: Coming of Age. Ed. Kent Baxter. Ipswich, MA : Salem Press, 2012. 228-248.

“Transforming Boys, Transforming Masculinity, Transforming Culture: Masculinity Anew in Latino and Latina Children’s Literature.” Understanding the Disenfranchisement of Latino Males: Invisible No More. Pedro Noguera, Aida Hurtado and Edward Fergus. New York: Routledge, 2011.

“‘What Are Young People to Think?’: The Subject of Immigration and the Immigrant Subject in Francisco Jiménez’s The Circuit.” The Oxford Handbook of Children’s Literature. Julia Mickenberg and Lynne Vallone. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011. 389-410.

“From ‘Booger Breath’ to ‘The Guy’: Juni Cortez Grows Up in Robert Rodríguez’s Spy Kids Trilogy.” Mediated Boyhoods: Boys, Teens, and Young Men in Popular Media and Culture. Annette Wannamaker. New York: Peter Lang, 2011. 81-96.

“Conflicting Inclinations: Luis J. Rodríguez’s Picture Books for Children.” Ethnic Traditions in American Children’s Literature. Yvonne Atkinson and Michele Pagnini-Stewart. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009. 191-204.

“Not Quite Heroes: Race, Masculinity, and Latino Professional Wrestlers.” Steel Chair to the Head: The Pleasure and Pain of Professional Wrestling. Nicholas Sammond. Duke University Press, 2005. 232-259.

López, Tiffany Ana and Phillip Serrato. “A New Mestiza Primer: Borderlands Philosophy in the Children’s Books of Gloria Anzaldúa.” Such News of the Land: American Women Nature Writers. Tom Edwards and Elizabeth A. De Wolfe. University of New England Press, 2001. 204-216.

Review (400 words) of Martha I. Chew-Sánchez, Corridos in Migrant Memory (University of New Mexico Press, 2006). Journal of the American Studies Association of Texas. 38 (2007).


Joseph T. Thomas, Jr.

Poetry’s Playground: The Culture of Contemporary American Children’s Poetry. (Monograph) Wayne State University Press: Landscapes of Childhood Series, 2007.

Strong Measures (Make Now Press, Los Angeles, CA. 2007)

Shel Silverstein, the Devil’s Favorite Pet. [Circulating]

Edited Books

Peer-reviewed

Prizing Children's Literature: The Cultural Politics of Children's Book Awards. (Co-edited collection of essays, with Kenneth Kidd) Routledge, 2017.

Non-refereed

All-of-a-Kind: Remembering June Cummins. (Co-edited collection of remembrances, essays, and poetry; co-edited with Michael Joseph and Lissa Paul) Cats in the Basement Press, 2020.

Peer-reviewed

“BreakBeat and the New Auditory Avant-garde—for Children! (Or, that New-fangled Noise the Kids Are All Going on about).” The Companion to Children's Literature. Eds. Karen Coats et. al. Blackwell. [Forthcoming]

“Contemporary American Children’s Poetry: a Colloquy.” The Bloomsbury Handbook of Contemporary American Poetry. Eds. Craig Svonkin and Steven Axlerod. Bloomsbury. [Forthcoming]

Aesthetics.” (Revision of 2011 essay) Keywords for Children’s Literature. 2nd edition. Eds. Nina Christensen, Philip Nel, and Lissa Paul. New York: New York UP, 2021: 4-6.

An overview of the 2013 graduate seminar (ENGL 727) Joseph Thomas taught at SDSU using Keywords in Children’s Literature.

“A Few Thousand Words on Theodore Roethke, Children’s Poetry, and Three Poems Concerning Two Turtles (One of Whom Is Named Myrtle).” A Field Guide to the Poetry of Theodore Roethke. Ed. William Barillas. Ohio University Press (2020): 213-21.

“Be Kind or Stupid.” More Words About Pictures: The Current State of Research on Visual/Verbal Texts. Eds. Naomi Hamer, Perry Nodelman, and Mavis Raimer. Routledge, 2017: 189-210.

“A Prize-Losing Introduction.” [co-authored with Kenneth Kidd] Prizing Children's Literature: The Cultural Politics of Children's Book Awards. Eds. Joseph T. Thomas, Jr. and Kenneth Kidd. Routledge, 2017: 1-18.

“Apologia.” [co-authored with Michael Joseph]. Prizing Children's Literature: The Cultural Politics of Children's Book Awards. Eds. Joseph T. Thomas, Jr. and Kenneth Kidd. Routledge, 2017: 177-192.

 “20th and 21st Century American Children’s Poetry.” The Cambridge History of American Poetry. Eds. Stephen Burt and Alfred Bendixen. New York: Cambridge UP, 2014: 1108-22.

“Aesthetics.” Keywords for Children’s Literature. Eds. Lissa Paul and Philip Nel. New York: New York UP, 2011: 5-9.

Non-refereed

“A Few Words for June Cummins.” All-of-a-Kind: Remembering June Cummins. (Eds. Michael Joseph, Lissa Paul, and Joseph Thomas.) Cats in the Basement Press, 2020: 3-21.

Peer-reviewed

“On the Theory and Praxis of Nonsense Poetry as Dialogic Scrum, or, the Poetical Hermeneutics of a Retro-Teleological, Post-Diegetic Transom (Notes towards an Investigation).” [Co-authored with Michael Heyman]. Pacific Coast Philology. [Forthcoming]

Drawing Music from Penny Fiddles, or, a Biographical Account of Robert Graves and Theodore Roethke’s Secret Lives as Children’s Poets with a Look at their Neglected Masterworks, The Penny Fiddle and I Am! Says the Lamb, along with a Few Other Things.The Robert Graves Review. (2021).

“A Last Word: The 2018 Lion and the Unicorn Award for Excellence in North American Poetry.” (co-authored with Richard Flynn & Lissa Paul). The Lion and the Unicorn: A Critical Journal of Children's Literature. (2018): 359-74.

“Street Families and Wild Boys, A Collage for William S. Burroughs.” Pacific Coast Philology. (2018): 335-49.

“Panning for Gold: The 2017 Lion and the Unicorn Award for Excellence in North American Poetry.” (co-authored with Richard Flynn & Lissa Paul). The Lion and the Unicorn: A Critical Journal of Children's Literature. (2017): 386-403.

 “‘The Devil's favorite pet’: The Poetry of Shel Silverstein.” Poetry International 18/19 (2013): 643-57.

“The Panel as Page and the Page as Panel: Uncle Shelby and the Case of the Twin ABZ Books.” Children's Literature Association Quarterly. (2012): 477-88.

“‘Roses are planted where thorns grow’”: The 2012 Lion and the Unicorn Award for Excellence in North American Poetry.” (co-authored with Michael Heyman & Michael Joseph). The Lion and the Unicorn: A Critical Journal of Children's Literature. (2012): 288-307.

“‘The City, the Country, and the Road Between’: The 2011 Lion and the Unicorn Award for Excellence in North American Poetry.” (co-authored with Michael Heyman & Michael Joseph). The Lion and the Unicorn: A Critical Journal of Children's Literature. 35.3 (2011): 296-313.

“A Speculative Account (with Notes) of the Development & Initial Deployments of Shel Silverstein's Persona, Uncle Shelby, with Special Care to Articulate the Relationship of Said Persona to the Question of Shel's Ambiguous Audience(s).” Children's Literature Association Quarterly. 36.1 (2011): 25-46.

“‘It’s (Not) All Small Stuff’: The 2009 Lion and the Unicorn Award for Excellence in North American Poetry.” (co-authored with Michael Heyman & Angela Sorby). The Lion and the Unicorn: A Critical Journal of Children's Literature. 34.3 (2010): 354-63.

“Lively Rigor: The 2009 Lion and the Unicorn Award for Excellence in North American Poetry” (co-authored with Michael Heyman & Angela Sorby). The Lion and the Unicorn: A Critical Journal of Children's Literature. 33.3 (2009): 376-96.

“‘from brain all the way to heart’: The 2008 Lion and the Unicorn Award for Excellence in North American Poetry” (co-authored with Richard Flynn & Angela Sorby). The Lion and the Unicorn: A Critical Journal of Children's Literature 32 (2008): 344-56.

“Messages in a Bottle: The 2007 Lion and the Unicorn Award for Excellence in North American Poetry” (co-authored with Richard Flynn & Angela Sorby). The Lion and the Unicorn: A Critical Journal of Children's Literature 31 (2007): 264-81.

“‘It Don't Mean a Thing (If It Ain’t Got That Swing)’: The 2006 Lion and the Unicorn Award for Excellence in North American Poetry” (co-authored with Richard Flynn & JonArno Lawson). The Lion and the Unicorn: A Critical Journal of Children's Literature 30 (2006): 383-97.

“‘a joint rolled in toilet paper’: Funkadelic's Funky Soul.” Reconstruction: Studies in Contemporary Culture 6.2 (Spring 2006). <http://reconstruction.eserver.org/>

“It Could Be Verse: The Lion and the Unicorn Award for Excellence in North American Poetry” (co-authored with Richard Flynn & Kelly Hager). The Lion and the Unicorn: A Critical Journal of Children's Literature 29 (2005): 427-441.

“Letters to Children.” Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 30.1 (2005): 74-87.

“The Books that Print Bred: The Materiality of Picture Books” Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 30.1 (2005): 72-3.

“Reappraising Uncle Shelby.” The Horn Book Magazine. May/June 2005: 283-93.

“Child Poets and the Poetry of the Playground.” Children's Literature Spring 32 (2004): 152-77.

Translated into Danish for Publication in Nedslag i børnelitteraturforskningen [New Research into Children's Literature] issue #9 (2008). Translated title: “Børnedigtere og skolegårdsdigtning.”

“‘Levels and Opposites’ in Randall Jarrell’s The Bat-Poet.” Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 27.1 (2002): 16-26.

“Mel Glenn and Arnold Adoff: The Poetics of Power in the Adolescent Voice-lyric.” Style 35.3 (2001): 486-97.

Rev. of Playing with Picturebooks: Postmodernism and the Postmodernesque, by Cherie Allan. International Research in Children’s Literature. (2013).

Rev. of Suspended Animation: Children's Picture Books and the Fairy Tale of Modernity, by Nathalie op de Beeck. International Research in Children’s Literature. (2011).

Rev. of Poetry and Childhood, ed. Morag Styles, Louise Joy, and David Whitley. The Lion and the Unicorn: A Critical Journal of Children's Literature. 35.1 (2011): 93-101.

“The Present of Poetry.” Rev. of We Were Werewolves, by Doug Nufer. American Book Review. 30.3 (2009): 30.

Rev. of Tenth Rasa: An Anthology of Indian Nonsense, by Michael Heyman. International Research in Children’s Literature. 1.2 (2008): 227-29.

Rev. of Adventures into Otherness: Child Metamorphs in Late Twentieth-Century Literature, by Maria Lassén-Seger. International Research in Children’s Literature (2008). 

Rev. of Aesthetic Approaches to Children's Literature: An Introduction, by Maria Nikolajeva. ImageTexT (2007). 

The New Workhorse of Children’s Literature: An insider’s view of The Norton Anthology of Children’s Literature.” Rev. of Norton Anthology of Children's Poetry, ed. Jack Zipes, Lissa Paul et. al. The Poetry Foundation. (2006). 

Rev. of Schoolroom Poets: Childhood, Performance, and the Place of American Poetry, 1865-1917, by Angela Sorby. Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 30.4 (2005): 443-47.

Rev. of The Avant-Garde and American Postmodernity: Small Incisive Shocks, by Philip Nel. Studies in the Novel 36.4 (2004): 587-89.

Rev. of Dr. Seuss: American Icon, by Philip Nel. HUMOR: International Journal of Humor Research 17.4 (2004): 437-41.

Essays [Non-refereed]

“Lingering Dreams and Shadow-truths: Engelbert Humperdinck’s Hansel and Gretel.” Performances Magazine. (Spring 2020): 4-6.

“So I Said, ‘Yes’: A Handful of Children’s Poems.” Introduction. Poetry International 23/24 (2018): 641-45.

“From Death, Life: Puccini's Turandot.” Performances Magazine. (Spring 2018): 3-5.

“Rossini's La cenerentola and the European Fairy Tale.” Performances Magazine. (Spring 2016): 3-5.

“The Books Are Selling Just Fine, or Scholarship and the Permissions Problem.” International Journal of Comic Art. 16.1 (2014): 1-8.

Executors or Executioners? Why can’t my biography of Shel Silverstein quote the works of Shel Silverstein? His censorious estate.Slate.  (Fall 2013)

“The Wonderland of Children's Poetry.” Parents’ Choice. www.parents-choice.org (Spring 2008).

“In the Spotlight: Myra Cohn Livingston.” Children’s Literature Circle 15 (2008): 4.

Poetry &c. [Forthcoming]

“Geof Huth: A Conversation.” The Bloomsbury Handbook of Contemporary American Poetry. Eds. Craig Svonkin and Steven Axlerod. Bloomsbury. [Forthcoming]

“Neil Philip: A Conversation.” Poetry International. [Forthcoming]

Poetry &c.

“So I Said, ‘Yes’: A Handful of Children’s Poems.” Edited Feature, including poetry by Derek Beaulieu, Helen Frost, Nada Gordon, Michael Heyman, JonArno Lawson, Marilyn Nelson, Anushka Ravishankar, and Joseph Thomas. Poetry International 23/24 (2018): 641-663.

“Our Favoritest Mermaid.” Poetry International 23/24 (2018): 662.

“Nonsense Rhyme.” Poetry International 23/24 (2018): 663.

“A Love Song.” Poetry International 22/23 (2017): 552.

“Advice for Children.” Pacific Review (2016): 31-2.

“The Cutest Little Polypore!” Pacific Review (2016): 32.

“The Doll.” Pacific Review (2016): 33.

“Insight: A Love Poem.” Pacific Review (2016): 33.

“Strong Measures: Six Exercises for My Father.” Swami (formerly known as L'bourgeoizine) 8 (2004): 6-9.

“catch twenty-two.” Preludes to Softcore Porn (formerly known as L'bourgeoizine) 7 (2003): N.p.

“4th of July Poem.” dogs as filler (formerly known as L'bourgeoizine) 6 (2002): 21.

“Whatever You Think's Best” (with Carmen M. Ganser) La Petite Bourgeoisie (formerly known as L'bourgeoizine) 5 (2002). Compact Disc.

“Strong Measures.” La Petite Bourgeoisie (formerly known as L'bourgeoizine) 5 (2002). Compact Disc.

“Seven Sentences.” “What we have loved, others will love (and we will teach them how)” (formerly known as L'bourgeoizine) 4 (2002): 24.

“Two Translations of Ferdinand Hardekopt's Splendeurs et misPres des débrouillards.” “I can only remember mayo and the year of the French Revolution” (formerly known as L'bourgeoizine) 3 (2001): 4.

“Daughters of Lycomedes.” Formerly Known as L'bourgeoizine 2 (2001). Compact Disc.

Diabolus in Musica for String Quartet. Formerly Known as L'bourgeoizine 2 (2001). Compact Disc.

“after dinner with x.” The Infinitely Expanding Bourgeoisity (formerly known as L'bourgeoizine) 1 (2001): 10.

“Articulation” (with A.D. Jameson). The Infinitely Expanding Bourgeoisity (formerly known as L'bourgeoizine) 1 (2001): 21.

“wanna white hamster cage.” The Infinitely Expanding Bourgeoisity (formerly known as L'bourgeoizine) 1 (2001): 12-13.

SonnetMoria 3.1 (2000). 7 June 2003.

“Arcadia” River King Poetry Press. 5.2 (1999): 2.

“Cleaving” River King Poetry Press. 5.2 (1999): 5.

“March 20” Piedmont Literary Review. 22.3 (1999): 29.

“Leftovers” Piedmont Literary Review. 22.2 (1999): 25.

Reference Articles [Peer-reviewed]

“Mark Twain.” Encyclopedia of Children and Childhood: In History and Society [Three Volumes]. Eds. Paula S. Fass et. al. New York: Macmillan, 2003. (508 words)

“Children’s Poetry.” Encyclopedia of American Poetry [Five Volumes]. Ed. Jeff Gray. Westport, CT: Greenwood P, 2005: 269-73. (3,766 words)

“John Ciardi.” Encyclopedia of American Poetry [Five Volumes]. Ed. Jeff Gray. Westport, CT: Greenwood P, 2005: 280-81. (1,224 words)

“Randall Jarrell.” Encyclopedia of American Poetry [Five Volumes]. Ed. Jeff Gray. Westport, CT: Greenwood P, 2005: 791-94. (3,350 words)

“Playground Rhymes.” The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children’s Literature [Three Volumes]. Ed. Jack Zipes. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2006. (1,095 words)